1.     Rick Perry, 2011 GOP Tea Party Debate in Tampa, Florida 9/2/11




3.     Wikipedia: Verstehen


The sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) identified three sources of authority: Tradition (it’s always been done that way), Charismatic (because the great or dear leader says so), and Rational-Legal (decisions are made by due process and procedures).


As befits a large-scale liberal democracy, the U.S. system of government is mainly Rational-Legal, producing decisions that are mostly accepted as generally just and fair. In the Presidential Election of 2016, however, a substantial portion of the electorate defaulted to the misleadingly charismatic Donald Trump, a choice sometimes made in societies suffering from social chaos.


4.     Arlie Hochschild; “Strangers in Their Own Land”; The New Press; New York, N.Y.; 2016; p.p. 155, 167.


5.     Ibid; p.p. 171, 172, 177.


6.     Ibid; p. 183.


7.     Ibid; p.p. 34-35.


8.     Ibid; p. 208.


9.     Ibid; p. 210.


10.  Ibid; p. 9.


11.  Ibid;  p. 231.


12.  Ibid; p. 77.


13.  Modern secular equality can be justified by the idea that people have a “basic equality,” because they have different capabilities. All people are therefore deserving of respect.


14.  A less Darwinian branch of liberal philosophy believes that it is the role of government through anti-trust measures, education and public works to periodically relevel the playing field so that all may have a chance in the continuing American experiment with self-government.


15.  Hochschild, p. 135.


16.  Ibid; p. 136.


17.  Ibid; p. 141.


18.  Ibid; p.p. 136-137.


19.  Ibid; p. 141.




21.  Hochschild; p. 225.


22.  Reinhold Niebuhr; “The Essential Reinhold Niebuhr”; Yale University Press; New Haven; 1986; p.p. 170, 172.


23.  Dani Rodrik; “Straight Talk on Trade”; Princeton University Press; Princeton; 2018; p. 47.


24.  Steven Levitsky and Daniel Zieblatt; “How Democracies Die”; Penguin  Random House LLC; New York; 2018; p. 173.


25.  Washington Post 3/20/18; “The Republican Party in the Age of Trump