1. Reinhold Niebuhr (ed. Robert MacAfee Brown); “The Essential Reinhold Niebuhr, The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness”; Yale University Press, New Haven; 1986; p. 170.

2. Priva Satia, “To Understand Afghanistan’s Future, Reckon with the Region’s Colonial Past”; Foreign Policy Magazine; August 19, 2021.

3. After twenty years of war, al-Qaeda et al. are likely reorganizing in Afghanistan. We have been kept safe during the last twenty years, and hope that our over-the-horizon capabilities will be sufficient.

4. William Ewing and Holly Roussell; “Civilization”; Thames & Hudson; New York; 2018; p. 23.

5. Ibid.; p. 31.

6. Wikipedia; “Eddington experiment.”

7. In modern physics, reality is defined by the math. The math and confirming experiments are really complicated. Proceed on this link only if you have a PhD in physics.


8. Johnjoe McFadden and Jim Al-Khalili; “Life on the Edge, the Coming Age of Quantum Biology”; Penguin Random House LLC; New York; 2014; p. 274.


9. Ibid.; p. 290.


10. Ibid.; p. 305.


11. Judith Klinman; website; UC Berkeley College of Chemistry.


12. McFadden and Al-Khalili; p.p. 127-128.


13. Johnathan Gruber and Simon Johnson; “Jump – Starting America”; Hachette Book Group; New York; 2019; p. 19.


14. Vannevar Bush; “Science The Endless Frontier”; Office of Scientific Research and Development; 1945.


15. Gruber and Johnson; p. 164.


15. Ibid.; p. 175.