1.     NYT 11/8/19; “How Scientists Got Climate Change So Wrong.”


2.     Ibid.



3.     To get specific, extremely dry and windy weather conditions in California exposed vulnerabilities in PG&E’s badly maintained power grid, that led to the massive Kincade fire of 10/23/19, burning 77,758 Sonoma county acres and leaving almost 3 million people without power. The power company had been forced into bankruptcy by the previous year’s Paradise fire that took 86 lives.


On 11/18/19 the maximum temperature in Los Angeles, CA was 90º F; the past seasonal average for this date was 63º F. These data are very upsetting.


4.     Thomas Piketty; “Capital et Idéologie”; Editions du Seuil; Paris, France; 2019; last paragraph Kindle version.”


5.     Unlike monarchies where people are “subjects,” republics have “citizens.” Since the earliest years of the Republic, the definition of who is a citizen has been inclusively expanding. Unfortunately, the first native Americans were considered part of nature.


6.     Jedidiah Purdy; “After Nature”; Harvard University Press; Cambridge, Massachusetts; 2015; p. 51.


7.     Ibid.; p. 55.


8.     Ibid.; p. 69.


9.     Ibid.; p. 7.


10.  Ibid.; p.p. 7-8.


11.  Ibid.; p. 228.


12.  Ibid.; p. 254.


13.  NYT 11/7/19; “The Climate Crisis in Terms Trump Can Understand.”


14.  UN Emissions Gap Report 2019, Executive Summary”; lower graph ES.4, particularly, denotes the large emission reductions that have to start now.