per veritatem iustitia


This site discusses political economics and the stock market. Due to hacker activity, we pared this website to a few reviewed files. Please read this legal disclaimer before proceeding.


Comments:                                       Policy                        Practice and Theory:    

Including Sequential Notes         

                      a/o 09/23/22                n.b. 5/18/22   n.b.→7/1/20        9/1/08          12/1/18   12/1/17

                                                          n.b.12/15/21  n.b.→5/1/21        1/1/19    n.b.→6/1/19   12/1/19    


Published: S&P 500 Returns: According to an Earnings or the Gordon Dividend Models


This website discusses the financial market system, built upon a series of

modernizations beginning with the Renaissance and then proceeding on to

Democratic Capitalism and Nationalism.


We are in the process of rewriting how actual markets work and what determines

the returns of real stocks, bonds and portfolios.



1.  The Facets of Nationalism


2. Democracy or Autocracy   


3. The Renaissance and the Modern World  

4.The Nature of Stock Market Equilibrium

 We hope these continuing discussions and articles will be helpful to you.